Covid-19 Intimidation

There is an overload of information about the virus from Politicians, scientists and the media. The overwhelming effect the virus has had on society worldwide is something I have never experienced. Noticing all ages reacting in different ways to the threat of catching the virus and spreading it to others. I have taken a neutral stand and have gathered information from a non bias perspective. I have literally cut and paste relevant information from reputable sources with the web link below the information so no conjecture from me. This way you can make an informed choice on how it effects you and your immediate future. I loved science and have A level human science qualification so I apologise if it is too technical. If you don’t understand some of the information investigate the source article and do a little research. The simple facts are usually the most important ones. I hope you enjoy this post and it is helpful resource

He will win who knows when to fight and when not to fight

Sun Tzu

Disease called coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

Virus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)

https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public

Viruses are microscopic parasites, generally much smaller than bacteria. They lack the capacity to thrive and reproduce outside of a host body. 

Predominantly, viruses have a reputation for being the cause of contagion. Widespread events of disease and death have no doubt bolstered such a reputation.

The 2014 outbreak of Ebola in West Africa, and the 2009 H1N1/swine flu pandemic (a widespread global outbreak) likely come to mind.

The primary role of the virus or virion is to “deliver its DNA or RNA genome into the host cell so that the genome can be expressed (transcribed and translated) by the host cell,” according to “Medical Microbiology.” 

Viruses need to access the inside of a host’s body. Respiratory passages and open wounds can act as gateways for viruses.

Once inside, viruses release their genomes and also disrupt or hijack various parts of the cellular machinery. Viral genomes direct host cells to ultimately produce viral proteins (many a time halting the synthesis of any RNA and proteins that the host cell can use). Ultimately, viruses stack the deck in their favor, both inside the host cell and within the host itself by creating conditions that allow for them to spread. For example, when suffering from the common cold, one sneeze emits 20,000 droplets containing rhinovirus or coronavirus particles, according to “Molecular Biology of the Cell.” Touching or breathing those droplets in, is all it takes for a cold to spread.

https://www.livescience.com/53272-what-is-a-virus.html

Indivduals at high risk (clinically extremely vulnerable)

People at high risk from coronavirus include people who:

  • have had an organ transplant
  • are having chemotherapy or antibody treatment for cancer, including immunotherapy
  • are having an intense course of radiotherapy (radical radiotherapy) for lung cancer
  • are having targeted cancer treatments that can affect the immune system (such as protein kinase inhibitors or PARP inhibitors)
  • have blood or bone marrow cancer (such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma)
  • have had a bone marrow or stem cell transplant in the past 6 months, or are still taking immunosuppressant medicine
  • have been told by a doctor they have a severe lung condition (such as cystic fibrosis, severe asthma or severe COPD)
  • have a condition that means they have a very high risk of getting infections (such as SCID or sickle cell)
  • are taking medicine that makes them much more likely to get infections (such as high doses of steroids or immunosuppressant medicine)
  • have a serious heart condition and are pregnant

People at moderate risk (clinically vulnerable)

People at moderate risk from coronavirus include people who:

  • are 70 or older
  • have a lung condition that’s not severe (such as asthma, COPD, emphysema or bronchitis)
  • have heart disease (such as heart failure)
  • have diabetes
  • have chronic kidney disease
  • have liver disease (such as hepatitis)
  • have a condition affecting the brain or nerves (such as Parkinson’s disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis or cerebral palsy)
  • have a condition that means they have a high risk of getting infections
  • are taking medicine that can affect the immune system (such as low doses of steroids)
  • are very obese (a BMI of 40 or above)
  • are pregnant

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/coronavirus-covid-19/people-at-higher-risk/whos-at-higher-risk-from-coronavirus/

Do adults younger than 65 who are otherwise healthy need to worry about COVID-19?

Yes, they do. Although the risk of serious illness or death from COVID-19 increases steadily with age, younger people can get sick enough from the disease to require hospitalization. And certain underlying medical conditions may increase the risk of serious COVID-19 for individuals of any age.

People of any age should take preventive health measures like frequent hand washing, physical distancing, and wearing a mask when going out in public, to help protect themselves and to reduce the chances of spreading the infection to others.

https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/covid-19-basics

Antibodies, Antigens and Antibiotics

They may all start with ‘Anti’, but they mean very different things…

Antibodies are proteins that recognise and bind parts of viruses to neutralise them. Antibodies are produced by our white blood cells and are a major part of the body’s response to combatting a viral infection.

Antibody – Body protection

Antigens are substances that cause the body to produce antibodies, such as a viral protein. Antibodies bind antigens very specifically like a lock and key, neutralising the virus and preventing its further spread.

Antigen – Antibody Generator

Antibiotics are substances that kill bacteria. 

Vaccination – Giving your immune system a head start

Have you ever wondered what exactly is in the needle when you get a vaccine, or how that works to protect you against a disease? A vaccine against a virus actually contains virus – usually either a dead, weakened, or slightly different version of the virus it protects you against. Deliberately injecting a virus may seem like a very strange approach to preventing infections, but is a really effective strategy, because your immune system reacts to the vaccine and makes lots of specific antibodies with the right shape for the vaccine virus. Once you’ve made antibodies to a target, your immune system ‘remembers’ the shapes of antibodies that were effective. This means that if you’ve had the vaccine and then get infected by the real virus, your immune system has a head start and quickly makes lots of the right kind of antibodies, which destroy the virus before it has the chance to spread through your body and make you sick.

The first successful vaccine was developed in 1796 against the smallpox virus, which killed about 500 million people in the 20th century. The vaccine was extremely good at protecting people from infection, and was given to people around the world, so that in 1979 smallpox was officially declared to be extinct. This is an amazing example of how powerful vaccines and antibodies can be in protecting us against infection.

https://www2.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/viruswars/viruses.php

15 Foods That Boost the Immune System

Alternative options for vegetarians next to the foods                                                       

1. Citrus fruits

2. Red bell peppers

3. Broccoli

4. Garlic

5. Ginger

6. Spinach

7. Yogurt

8. Almonds

9. Sunflower seeds

10. Turmeric

11. Green tea

12. Papaya

13. Kiwi

14. Poultry / salmon / bannas

15. Shellfish/ Legumes

https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/foods-that-boost-the-immune-system

https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/how-to-boost-your-immune-system

Sleep will boost the immune system

Sleep and the circadian system are strong regulators of immunological processes. The basis of this influence is a bidirectional communication between the central nervous and immune system which is mediated by shared signals (neurotransmitters, hormones and cytokines) and direct innervations of the immune system by the autonomic nervous system. Many immune functions display prominent rhythms in synchrony with the regular 24-h sleep–wake cycle, reflecting the synergistic actions of sleep and the circadian system on these parameters. 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3256323/

When we’re stressed, the immune system’s ability to fight off antigens is reduced. 

That is why we are more susceptible to infections. The stress hormone corticosteroid can suppress the effectiveness of the immune system (e.g. lowers the number of lymphocytes). Stress can also have an indirect effect on the immune system as a person may use unhealthy behavioral coping strategies to reduce their stress, such as drinking and smoking. Stress is linked to: headaches; infectious illness (e.g. ‘flu) Kiecolt-Glaser et al found that immune responses were especially weak in those students who reported feeling most lonely, Those who were experiencing other stressful life events and psychiatric symptoms such as depression or anxiety.

https://www.simplypsychology.org/stress-immune.html

Identify what’s causing stress. Monitor your state of mind throughout the day. If you feel stressed, write down the cause, your thoughts, and your mood. Once you know what’s bothering you, develop a plan for addressing it. That might mean setting more reasonable expectations for yourself and others or asking for help with household responsibilities, job assignments, or other tasks. List all your commitments, assess your priorities, and then eliminate any tasks that are not absolutely essential.

Build strong relationships. Relationships can be a source of stress. Research has found that negative, hostile reactions with your spouse cause immediate changes in stress-sensitive hormones, for example.7 But relationships can also serve as stress buffers. Reach out to family members or close friends and let them know you’re having a tough time. They may be able to offer practical assistance and support, useful ideas or just a fresh perspective as you begin to tackle whatever’s causing your stress.

Walk away when you’re angry. Before you react, take time to regroup by counting to 10. Then reconsider. Walking or other physical activities can also help you work off steam. Plus, exercise increases the production of endorphins, your body’s natural mood-booster. Commit to a daily walk or other form of exercise—a small step that can make a big difference in reducing stress levels.

Rest your mind. According to APA’s 2012 Stress in America survey, stress keeps more than 40% of adults lying awake at night. To help ensure you get the recommended seven or eight hours of shut-eye, cut back on caffeine, remove distractions such as television or computers from your bedroom and go to bed at the same time each night. Research shows that activities like yoga and relaxation exercises not only help reduce stress, but also boost immune functioning.

If you continue to feel overwhelmed, consult with a psychologist or other licensed mental health professional who can help you learn how to manage stress effectively. He or she can help you identify situations or behaviors that contribute to your chronic stress and then develop an action plan for changing them.

https://www.apa.org/topics/stress-health

Meditation and Stress 

Throughout the day, when we experience stress, our bodies automatically react in ways that prepare us to fight or run. This is your body’s stress response, otherwise known as your fight-or-flight response. In some cases of extreme danger, this physical response is helpful. However, a prolonged state of such agitation can cause physical damage to every part of the body.

Meditation affects the body in exactly the opposite ways that stress does—by triggering the body’s relaxation response. It restores the body to a calm state, helping the body repair itself and preventing new damage from the physical effects of stress. It can calm your mind and body by quieting the stress-induced thoughts that keep your body’s stress response triggered.

When practicing meditation:

  • You use oxygen more efficiently.
  • Your adrenal glands produce less cortisol.
  • Your blood pressure normalizes.
  • Your heart rate and breathing slow down.
  • Your immune function improves.
  • Your mind ages at a slower rate.
  • Your mind clears and your creativity increases.
  • You sweat less.

https://www.verywellmind.com/meditation-4157199

The art of healing comes from nature, not from the physician. Therefore the physician must start from nature, with an open mind. Paracelsus

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